Red, blistering, painful skin
- Prevent sunburn by regulating the child's exposure to the sun and using an appropriate -sunscreen.
- If the child does get burned, apply cold water compresses, then burn ointment, or a paste of baking soda and water to the burned area.
- Give aspirin or paracetamol for pain, and antihistamines for itching.
- Avoid breaking the blisters of sunburn.
- The sunscreen used on a child should contain para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), titanium dioxide, methyl anthranilate, or sulisobenzone.
- Sunscreens come off in water. Follow the instructions for reapplying the product after the child has been swimming.
- Remember that children and babies can be burned by sun coming through a window.
- Use sunburn medication sparingly; it can be absorbed through the skin and cause side effects.
- Skin damage from overuse of sunlamps is often seen in teenagers.
- Some medications increase sensitivity to the sun, and a child who is taking^ such a medication should use a sunscreen and limit exposure to the sun.
- A child who has sunburn accompanied by fever or extreme fatigue or weakness needs a doctor's care.
- Fair-skinned babies and children can burn even on cloudy days or in shade.